Vietnam is one of the largest coffee producers in the world, typically ranking second only to Brazil in terms of coffee exports. The country primarily cultivates Robusta coffee beans, which are known for their strong and bitter flavour. Arabica beans are also grown, but they are less common.
Coffee is grown in various regions of Vietnam, with the Central Highlands being the primary coffee-producing area. The provinces of Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, and Lam Dong are some of the key coffee-growing regions.
Robusta coffee accounts for the majority of coffee production in Vietnam. Robusta beans are favoured for their resistance to pests and diseases and their ability to grow in a variety of environmental conditions, making them well-suited to the Vietnamese climate.
Vietnam has consistently been among the top coffee-exporting countries globally. The majority of Vietnamese coffee is exported to international markets, with Europe being a significant destination. Coffee exports contribute significantly to the country’s economy.
Coffee processing in Vietnam primarily involves the wet method, the dry method, or a combination of both. The coffee cherries are harvested, processed, and dried before export. Vietnam has invested in modern coffee processing facilities to improve the quality of its coffee beans.
While Vietnam has been successful in coffee production and export, it faces several challenges, including fluctuations in global coffee prices, the need to improve quality to meet specialty coffee market demands, and concerns about sustainable farming practices and environmental impact.
In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the need for sustainable coffee production in Vietnam. Initiatives to promote sustainable and environmentally friendly coffee farming practices, such as shade-grown coffee and organic production, have gained momentum.
Coffee is an integral part of Vietnamese culture. Traditional Vietnamese coffee, often prepared using a drip method and served with condensed milk, is famous worldwide as “Vietnamese iced coffee” or “ca phe sua da.”
Thank you, ASEAN-Japan Centre, for the graphic.
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